Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum (Temminck and Schlegel in Von Siebold, 1838)  

Status:

Four-toed Salamander (Hemidactylium scutatum) is an extremely small, slender species, frequently associated with Sphagnum moss in boggy habitats. The common name refers to the fact that the hind feet have only four toes, while most salamander species have five. Adult Four-toed are primarily terrestrial, while the larvae are aquatic. Breeding occurs in early autumn, and afterwards, adults can often be found beneath moss patches near pools, guarding eggs. Handling this species is not encouraged, as they have a pronounced tendency to autotomously detach their tails when captured (Conant & Collins, 1998; Maryland DNR site; Bishop, 1943).

There are 72 records in the project database.

Search Google Images

GA AL WA FR CL MO HO BA HA CE PG AA CV CH SM KE QA CN TA DO WI SO WO 
Four-toed Salamanders in Howard Co., Maryland (3/13/2013). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/25/2017). Photo by Jared Satchell. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Worcester Co., Maryland (4/4/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Garrett Co., Maryland (9/5/2016). Photo by Justin Lee. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/17/2012). Photo by Robert Aguilar, SERC. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (04/10/2014). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Montgomery Co., Maryland (10/6/2017). Photo by Justin Lee. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/31/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Kent Co., Maryland (3/10/2019). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/19/2018). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

A Four-toed Salamander in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/19/2018). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Four-toed Salamander eggs in Beaver Co., Pennsylvania (4/18/2013). Photo by Pete Woods, courtesy of the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.

View Bibliography