Long-tailed Salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda (Green, 1818)  

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Long-tailed Salamander (Eurycea longicauda) is a distinctive, slender salamander, with an exceptionally long tail. The coloration varies from yellowish-orange to deep reddish orange, with black spots. The spots on the tail are aligned vertically, often in a herringbone pattern. This species favors moist habitats, including seeps, rock crevices, and stream banks, often under cover objects. Long-taileds in Maryland range through the Piedmont into the mountains of western Maryland. They appear to be absent from much of the coastal plain, including the entirety of the eastern shore (Conant & Collins, 1998; Maryland DNR site). This salamander breeds in the winter.

There are 69 records in the project database.

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A Long-tailed Salamander in Green Ridge State Forest, Allegany Co., Maryland (5/9/2011). Photo by Hans Holbrook. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Frederick Co., Maryland (7/22/2015). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Frederick Co., Maryland (6/23/2018). Photo by Robert Warren. (MBP list)

Long-tailed Salamander in Garrett Co., Maryland (9/26/2014). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/9/2013). Photo by Matt Tillett. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Frederick Co., Maryland (6/29/2014). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Frederick Co., Maryland (7/8/2013). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Frederick Co., Maryland (7/9/2013). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Harford Co., Maryland (10/4/2018). Photo by Mary Sweet. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/14/2013). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander in Garrett Co., Maryland (6/15/2006). Photo by Boyer and McDowell. (MBP list)

A Long-tailed Salamander found by students at Jemicy School in Baltimore Co., Maryland (9/11/2013). Photo by Emily Stanley. (MBP list)


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