Eastern Shootingstar Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A.R. Mast & RevealS3 (Watch list)    Synonyms: Dodecatheon meadia, Shooting-star.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Primulales   >   Family Primulaceae   >   Genus Primula   

Status:

Eastern Shootingstar is an ephemeral spring wildflower that occurs in the central and eastern United States. Across Maryland, many populations are now extirpated. Allegany, Washington, and Montgomery are the only counties with extant populations. Most of these are along the Potomac River and in Green Ridge State Forest.

Description:

Eastern Shootingstar leaves are arranged in a basal rosette, from which arise one or more flower stalks. Each flower has five petals, which may be white, light pink, or rosy pink. The petals are reflexed upward, giving the flower an “inside-out” look, with stamens and pistils at the base. The anthers are long and arranged like a cone around the style (female part). The flowers have no scent.

Where to find:

This plant grows in open, often rocky forests, woodlands, and barrens. It is often found on calcareous and mafic rocks, and has a preference for slopes, where there is not heavy competition from taller plants.

Relationships:

Pollination is mostly by bumblebees, which obtain pollen by the rapid vibration of their thoracic muscles, a process called "buzz pollination."

There are 61 records in the project database.

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Eastern Shootingstar blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/23/2016). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

Shooting Star blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/25/2010). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (5/1/2005). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/23/2010). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (5/1/2005). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/25/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/18/2017). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar about to bloom in Washington Co., Maryland (4/21/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

The leaves of Eastern Shootingstar in Washington Co., Maryland (4/21/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Washington Co., Maryland (4/16/2020). (c) ptbrnchbob, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by ptbrnchbob via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Washington Co., Maryland (4/20/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/4/2015). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar (overall/habitat) in Washington Co., Maryland (4/15/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Washington Co., Maryland (4/8/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Washington Co., Maryland (4/15/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar (spent capsules) in Washington Co., Maryland (4/15/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar spent capsules in Washington Co., Maryland (10/2/2017). Photo by Christopher Puttock. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/3/2020). (c) pgkaestner, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Peter Kaestner via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/19/2020). Photo by Mark Eanes. (MBP list)

Eastern Shootingstar (white form) blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/29/1995). Photo by Bob Ringler. (MBP list)


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