Sessile Trillium Trillium sessile Linnaeus    Synonyms: Sessile-flowered Wake-robin, Stinking Benjamin, Toadshade.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Liliales   >   Family Melanthiaceae   >   Genus Trillium   

Status:

This species is a spring ephemeral of rich floodplain forests and mesic cove and slope forests along major streams and rivers (J. Hill/MNPS).

Where to find:

Look for Sessile Trillium in the C&O Canal National Historical Park floodplain forests and rich woods from D.C. well upstream. There are also good stands of it in rich, calcareous Shell-Marl Ravine Forest at Chapman State Park (Chapman Forest North) in Charles Co. (J. Hill/MNPS)

Relationships:

Flowers are pollinated by flies, which are attracted by the flower's color and odor of carrion (J. Hill/MNPS).

There are 197 records in the project database.

View at Maryland Plant Atlas

Search Flora of North America

Search Mid-Atlantic Herbaria Consortium

Search Norton-Brown Herbarium

View taxon at iNaturalist

Search Google Images

GAAL WA FR CLMO HO BA BCHACEPG AACVCH SMKEQACNTADOWISOWO
Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/7/2017). Photo by Wendy R. Fredericks. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/6/2016). Photo by Robert Ferraro. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/25/2016). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/24/2013). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

A Sessile Trillium in Howard Co., Maryland (4/23/2014). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/14/2013). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/18/2014). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/21/2013). Photo by Ed Boyd. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium (young plants, a few with tight buds) in Howard Co., Maryland (4/26/2015). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/22/2015). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/6/2017). Photo by Tony Futcher. (MBP list)

Sessile Trilliums in Charles Co., Maryland (4/21/2009). Photo by Kerry Wixted. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (5/7/2015). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/9/2014). Photo by R. Child. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/6/2016). Photo by Robert Ferraro. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Baltimore Co., Maryland (3/7/2017). Photo by Patrick Treece. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium (green form) blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/18/2014). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium var. luteum blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/4/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/26/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Howard Co., Maryland (10/23/2019). Collected and processed by Helen Lowe Metzman. Photo by USGS PWRC. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (5/27/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/14/2013). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/19/2020). (c) Jacob Malcom, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA). Photo by Jacob Malcom via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/21/2020). (c) Fran Toler, some rights reserved (CC BY-ND). Photo by Fran Toler via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Prince George's Co., Maryland (3/24/2020). (c) spyingnaturalist, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by spyingnaturalist via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/19/2014). (c) Katherine, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Katherine via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/30/2020). (c) Daniel McClosky, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Daniel McClosky via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/5/2020). (c) khalilmona, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by khalilmona via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/30/2020). (c) Daniel McClosky, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Daniel McClosky via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/30/2020). (c) Daniel McClosky, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Daniel McClosky via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/8/2018). (c) Lucas Foerster, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Lucas Foerster via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/30/2020). (c) Daniel McClosky, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Daniel McClosky via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/27/2020). (c) Izabella Farr, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Izabella Farr via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/30/2020). (c) Daniel McClosky, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Daniel McClosky via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/4/2019). (c) naturalpriest, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by naturalpriest via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Sessile Trillium in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/9/2017). (c) pgwamsley, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by pgwamsley via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.

View Bibliography