Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus, 1758)    Synonyms: Agraulis vanillae, Hodges #4413.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Arthropoda   >   Class Insecta   >   Order Lepidoptera   >   Family Nymphalidae   >   Genus Agraulis   


The spectacular and distinctive Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis vanillae) is widespread through the deep south (Brock & Kaufman, 2003). Like many strong-flying butterfly species, dispersing individuals may stray north of the breeding range, and this species has been recorded in several counties in Maryland as a vagrant. Although the host plant, Purple Passionflower, does occur in the state, this species is not known to successfully breed here, and all sightings are thought to have originated from more southern populations (Butterflies of Maryland: A Biological Summary and Checklist by Lynn Davidson & Richard Smith).


Larval host plant is Purple Passionflower.

There are 12 records in the project database.

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A Gulf Fritillary in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/12/2017). Photo by Tom Stock. (MBP list)

A Gulf Fritillary found by Patty Craig in her yard in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (10/4/2012). Dick Smith noted that this rare wanderer from the south has not been recorded in St. Mary's Co. for at least 30 years. Photo by Patty Craig. (MBP list)

A Gulf Fritillary found by Patty Craig in her yard in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (10/4/2012). Photo by Patty Craig. (MBP list)

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