Cope's Gray Treefrog Hyla chrysoscelis (Cope, 1880)    
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Amphibia   >   Order Anura   >   Family Hylidae   >   Genus Hyla   

Status:

Cope's Gray Treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis) is one of two species of 'gray treefrogs' that are identical in external appearance, the other being Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor). Cope's Gray Treefrog is much more common than Gray Treefrog on the coastal plain, while Gray predominates to the west. Despite their extreme similarity, there is no interbreeding between the two species. H. chrysoscelis is diploid, and has a total of 24 chromosomes. H. versicolor is tetraploid, with 48 total chromosomes. Aside from the genetic differences, the vocalizations differ as well, and are the only way to differentiate the two species in the field. H. versicolor gives a slower, lower-pitched musical trill, while the call of H. chrysoscelis is faster, and harsher (Conant & Collins, 1998; Virginia Herpetological Society site). Both species call somewhat slower in colder conditions. H. chrysoscelis essentially replaces H. versicolor on the coastal plain. That said, recent MARA data proves that line is not as clear cut, and there appears to be some overlap.

Description:

Only safely differentiated from Gray Treefrog (H. versicolor) in the field by voice, as both species of gray treefrogs are visually identical. They are grayish or greenish, mottled treefrogs, with variegated, lichen-like patterning, and large toe pads. There is a yellow wash on the inner surface of the hind leg. Typically, there is a pale spot below the eye.

There are 416 records in the project database.

View taxon at iNaturalist

View taxon at NatureServe

Search Google Images

Search MBP Facebook posts (beta | requires login)


[View seasonality details]

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Carroll Co., Maryland (8/4/2020). (c) Chrissy Gallo, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - Chrissy Gallo via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/11/2022). (c) Dave Roberts, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - Dave Roberts.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Harford Co., Maryland (6/23/2010). (c) Bill Hubick, all rights reserved. - Bill Hubick.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Baltimore Co., Maryland (Date obscured). (c) annmd, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - annmd via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (6/12/2022). (c) Scott Clark, some rights reserved (CC BY). - sfc155 via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/10/2019). (c) atatone, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - atatone via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Baltimore City, Maryland (7/9/2021). (c) ekreiss, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - ekreiss via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Howard Co., Maryland (5/16/2017). (c) treichard, all rights reserved. - Timothy Reichard.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Prince George's Co., Maryland (Date obscured). (c) jugbayjs, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - jugbayjs via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/6/2019). No rights reserved. - lotteryd via iNaturalist.

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Howard Co., Maryland (5/27/2021). (c) Veniecealys, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). - Veniecealys via iNaturalist.

GA ALWAFRCL MO HO BA BC HA CE PG AA CV CH SM KE QA CN TA DO WI SO WO 
Cope's Gray Treefrog in Caroline Co., Maryland (5/27/2007). (c) Bill Hubick, all rights reserved. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Calvert Co., Maryland (7/3/2017). Photo by Ben Springer. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (7/15/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (7/22/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Caroline Co., Maryland (5/27/2007). (c) Bill Hubick, all rights reserved. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog on Assateague Island in Worcester Co., Maryland (11/10/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Caroline Co., Maryland (5/27/2007). (c) Bill Hubick, all rights reserved. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Kent Co., Maryland (5/2/2014). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog on Assateague Island in Worcester Co., Maryland (10/20/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrogs found in Worcester Co., Maryland (6/14/2009). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Talbot Co., Maryland (3/31/2012). Photo by Danny Poet. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (9/27/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Baltimore City, Maryland (Date obscured). (c) dinospine, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by dinospine via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (10/3/2020). (c) Jim Moore (Maryland), some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jim Moore. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Talbot Co., Maryland (6/10/2023). (c) hanna cortes, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by hanna_cortes via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (9/20/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

A presumed (by range) Cope's Gray Treefrog at Andelot Farm, Kent Co., Maryland (6/7/2014). Photo by Matt Tillett. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (8/28/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (10/3/2020). (c) Jim Moore (Maryland), some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jim Moore. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (8/29/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Kent Co., Maryland (7/20/2015). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (6/28/2016). Photo by Tyler Bell. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Worcester Co., Maryland (6/12/2015). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Prince George's Co., Maryland (7/8/2020). (c) Hans Holbrook, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Hans Holbrook. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Dorchester Co., Maryland (9/7/2018). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog in Somerset Co., Maryland (6/3/2022). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Talbot Co., Maryland (9/2/2016). Photo by Erica Weick. (MBP list)

A Cope's Gray Treefrog in Harford Co., Maryland (7/5/2017). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrogs mating in Harford Co., Maryland (7/23/2017). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Tadpoles of Cope's Gray Treefrog in Calvert Co., Maryland (6/23/2019). Photo by Ben Springer. (MBP list)

Cope's Gray Treefrog habitat in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/6/2019). No rights reserved. Photo by lotteryd via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.