Yellow Morel Morchella americana Clowez & Matherly    Synonyms: Common Morel, Morchella esculenta, Morchella esculentoides, Sponge Mushroom.
Kingdom Fungi   >   Phylum Ascomycota   >   Class Pezizomycetes   >   Order Pezizales   >   Family Morchellaceae   >   Genus Morchella   

Status:

Found solitary or in scattered groups on ground under hardwoods, most often in floodplains, damp pockets on hillsides, old orchards; non-acidic soil. Spring.

Morel taxonomy is complex and in flux. There are multiple species within the groups of "yellow" and "black" morels as determined by DNA analysis. Although the precise number of species has not been established, it has been determined the species known as Morchella esculenta is a European species that does not occur in North America.

Description:

Hollow. Head: Sponge-like yellow-brown to tan, oval with elongated pits and ridges; base of head attached to stalk. Stalk: White to pale yellow with lengthwise ridges, sometimes enlarged at the base.

There are 81 records in the project database.

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Yellow Morel in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/10/2016). Photo by Ed Boyd. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Talbot Co., Maryland (4/28/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Carroll Co., Maryland (4/18/2020). (c) Emilio Concari, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Emilio Concari. (MBP list)

Yellow Morels in Washington Co., Maryland (4/28/2015). Photo by Kerry Wixted. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Talbot Co., Maryland (4/24/2016). Photo by Jared Satchell. (MBP list)

A Yellow Morel in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/2/2015). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Yellow Morels in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/19/2008). Photo by R. Child. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Baltimore City, Maryland (4/27/2018). (c) Peter M Martin, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Peter M Martin via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Howard Co., Maryland (4/29/2010). (c) Joanne and Robert Solem, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

A Yellow Morel in Howard Co., Maryland (4/27/2017). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel (overall fruiting body) in Howard Co., Maryland (4/14/2020). Verified by Jo Solem. Photo by Sue Muller. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Howard Co., Maryland (5/5/2020). (c) Matthew Beziat, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Matthew Beziat via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Yellow Morel in Harford Co., Maryland (5/8/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/10/2015). Photo by Mike Ostrowski. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/6/2020). (c) bhivemom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by bhivemom via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/19/2020). (c) Vanessa Beauchamp, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Vanessa Beauchamp via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morels in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/3/2011). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Howard Co., Maryland (5/1/1988). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/3/2020). (c) Matthew Beziat, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Matthew Beziat via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Yellow Morel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/21/2010). Photo by Tyler Bell. (MBP list)

A Yellow Morel found in Calvert Co., Maryland (4/14/2016). Photo by Mikey Lutmerding. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/5/2020). (c) Lauren, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Lauren via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/3/2020). (c) Jacob Malcom, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA). Photo by Jacob Malcom via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Howard Co., Maryland (5/7/2018). (c) Allen Dupre, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Allen Dupre via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/21/2019). (c) Mitch, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Mitch via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Howard Co., Maryland (4/14/2020). (c) johncanoles, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by johncanoles via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/19/2020). (c) veggins, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by veggins via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Yellow Morel in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/23/2016). (c) Matt Muir, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA). Photo by Matt Muir via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


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