Bog Turtle Glyptemys muhlenbergii (Schoepff, 1801)G3 (Globally rare/local)  -  Threatened (Federal)  -  Threatened (MD)  -  S2 (State rare)  -  Vulnerable  
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Reptilia   >   Order Testudines   >   Family Emydidae   >   Genus Glyptemys   

Status:

The Bog Turtle (Glyptemys muhlenbergii) is the smallest turtle species in North America, and is among the smallest in the world. This rare and diminutive animal is closely-tied to open, spring-fed, wet grass or sedge meadows, or bogs. Its habitat is fragile, and frequently disturbed or developed, resulting in local extirpation. Illegal collecting of this federally-threatened species is also a significant threat. These wary turtles are sometimes seen basking on tussocks, but will retreat into burrows if disturbed, making them quite difficult to find (Conant & Collins, 1998; Maryland DNR site). In Maryland, this globally rare (G3) turtle is considered state-threatened, and ranked as S2 (state-rare), and vulnerable (Maryland DNR website). The IUCN Redlist considers this species to be critically-endangered due primarily to habitat loss and collection (van Dijk 2016, IUCNredlist.org).

There are 191 records in the project database.

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A Bog Turtle in Cecil Co., Maryland (6/22/2013). Bog Turtles are very rare in Maryland and only found in the very specific habitat of spring-fed wetlands. They are the smallest of all the North American turtles. Photo by Sean McCandless. (MBP list)

Bog Turtles in Harford Co., Maryland (8/29/2012). Photo by Gwen Brewer. (MBP list)

A Bog Turtle in Harford Co., Maryland (8/29/2012). Photo by Gwen Brewer. (MBP list)

A Bog Turtle (9/30/2010). Bog Turtles are very rare in Maryland and only found in the very specific habitat of spring-fed wetlands. Bog Turtles are the smallest of all the North American turtles. Photo by USFWS Endangered Species. (MBP list)


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