Seal Salamander Desmognathus monticola (Dunn, 1916)  

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Seal Salamander (Desmognathus monticola) is a stout, heavy-bodied Desmognathus, with bulging eyes and a keeled tail. The oddly robust, portly shape is said to be reminiscent of a seal. As with other members of the genus, coloration is extremely variable. Generally strongly-marked, this species also shows a strongly-demarcated pale belly. Seal Salamanders in Maryland are restricted to in Garrett and Allegany Counties, where they inhabit banks of cool, well-oxygenated streams. They spend the day resting in burrows, and are primarily nocturnal (Conant & Collins, 1998; Maryland DNR site). This salamander breeds from autumn into early spring.

There are 73 records in the project database.

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A Seal Salamander in Sullivan Co., Tennessee (7/2007). Photo by Corey Raimond. (MBP list)

A Seal Salamander in Mount Rogers NRA, Virginia (5/24/2008). Photo by Steve Collins. (MBP list)


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