Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad Gastrophryne carolinensis GastrophryneEndangered (MD)  -  S1 (Highly state rare)  -  S2 (State rare)  -  Vulnerable  -  Coastal Plain only    
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Amphibia   >   Order Anura   >   Family Microhylidae   >   Genus Gastrophryne   

Status:

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis) is a small, portly anuran, the only representative of the family Microhylidae in Maryland. This secretive species is typically found in moist habitats (including seasonal wetlands) within areas of loose, sandy soil, where it often hides beneath cover objects or debris. While normally inconspicuous, heavy rains in spring to summer often trigger large numbers of these strange frogs to call and return en mass to breeding pools for a short period, after which, they disperse into the surrounding habitat again. This vulnerable species is restricted to the coastal plain in Maryland, where it is considered endangered, with a state ranking of S1-S2 (highly state rare/state rare) (Maryland DNR site; Conant & Collins, 1998).

There are 34 records in the project database.

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An Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Worcester Co., Maryland (6/14/2009). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

An Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Worcester Co., Maryland (6/14/2009). Photo by Mikey Lutmerding. (MBP list)

An Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Worcester Co., Maryland (5/11/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

An Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Stoddard Co., Missouri (10/2007). Photo by Andrew Hoffman. (MBP list)

An Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Stoddard Co., Missouri (5/28/2009). Photo by Corey Raimond. (MBP list)

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Dorchester Co., Maryland (5/10/2019). (c) matt_whitbeck, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by matt_whitbeck via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Maryland (9/21/2019). (c) jraiford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by jraiford via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad in Maryland (9/21/2019). (c) jraiford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by jraiford via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


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