Fowler's Toad Anaxyrus fowleri (Hinckley, 1882)  Synonyms: Woodhouse's Toad.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Amphibia   >   Order Anura   >   Family Bufonidae   >   Genus Anaxyrus   

Status:

Fowler's Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) is a widespread toad species, generally closely associated with sandy habitats. This toad is especially abundant on the coastal plain in Maryland, but also found near the Potomac River into western Maryland. It will breed in ponds, shallow lakes, pools, or even ditches, usually later in the year than American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus). The call is a distinctive, unmusical, nasal 'waaaah', lasting for up to 4 seconds. At other times of the year, this toad may be found far from water, in upland habitats (Conant & Collins, 1998). Fowler's occurs statewide, but may be more common in some areas.

Description:

Fowler's Toad may be distinguished from American Toad by counting the number of wart-like tubercles inside the largest dark spots. American has only 1-2, while Fowler's shows 3 or more. Additionally, Fowler's shows an essentially unmarked chest, while American usually has some pigmentation. The tibia of Fowler's does not have enlarged warts, while they are prevalent on American. Finally, the parotoid gland of Fowler's is in broad contact with the cranial crest, while they are separated or narrowly connected on American.

Relationships:

A major prey species for Eastern Hog-nosed Snake.

There are 178 records in the project database.

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A Fowler's Toad in Caroline Co., Maryland (6/21/2013). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Harford Co., Maryland (6/9/2018). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Worcester Co., Maryland (6/17/2014). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Dorchester Co., Maryland (4/8/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad at Andelot Farm, Kent Co., Maryland (6/7/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (4/14/2018). Photo by Jakob Cackowski. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Talbot Co., Maryland (5/16/2015). Photo by Judy Gallagher. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Howard Co., Maryland (6/4/2014). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Harford Co., Maryland (6/6/2015). Photo by Kurt Schwarz. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Allegany Co., Maryland (6/4/2011). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list) (More of this species)

A Fowler's Toad in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (7/12/2018). Photo by Matthew Beziat. (MBP list)

Fowler's Toad mating in Worcester Co., Maryland (6/9/2014). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (6/21/2018). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Prince George's Co., Maryland (10/17/2016). Photo by Justin Lee. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad (underside) in Worcester Co., Maryland (3/26/2015). Photo by Mike Burchett. (MBP list)

A Fowler's Toad in Washington Co., Maryland (7/5/2016). Confirmed by Matt Ratcliffe/Reptile and Amphibian Facebook Group. Photo by Derek Hudgins. (MBP list)


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