Henbit Lamium amplexicaule LinnaeusNon-native  

Status:

"Naturalized from Europe; Newfoundland and southeastern Labrador, south to New Brunswick and west to Minnesota and southward becoming more common" (Reed, 1964).

Description:

As is typical of the Mint Family, Henbit has square stems, opposite leaves, and five-petaled flowers. It is low-growing and can easily be confused with two other low-growing mints, Purple Deadnettle and Ground Ivy. Henbit's leaves have no petioles (stalks), and each pair of leaves encircles the stem. The leaves have crenate to shallowly lobed margins. In contrast, Purple Dead-nettle leaves have petioles and are deltoid (triangular) in shape, with serrate margins, and the upper leaves are purplish. Ground Ivy leaves have long petioles and are kidney-shaped to round, with crenate margins.

Where to find:

This common, low-growing species can be found along roadsides and in yards, fields, and disturbed soil throughout Maryland.

There are 394 records in the project database.

View species at Maryland Plant Atlas

Search Google Images

GAAL WA FR CL MO HO BA BC HA CE PG AA CV CH SM KE QA CN TA DO WI SO WO 
Henbit blooming in February in Caroline Co., Maryland (2/16/2006). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Caroline Co., Maryland (5/25/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Cecil Co., Maryland (4/10/2017). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Henbit in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/20/2020). Photo by David Illig. (MBP list)

Henbit in Wicomico Co., Maryland (10/20/2012). It was introduced to the United States from Eurasia. Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Henbit in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/24/2011). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (4/11/2014). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (4/22/2016). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Henbit in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (3/21/2017). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/21/2014). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/1/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Henbit growing in Kent Co., Maryland (3/26/2016). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Henbit blooming in Dorchester Co., Maryland (4/2/2016). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Henbit in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/18/2017). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Henbit in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (11/21/2015). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.

View Bibliography