Lesser Celandine Ficaria verna HudsonNon-native  -  Invasive  Synonyms: Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia, Ficaria verna ssp. chrysocephala, Ficaria verna ssp. fertilis, Ficaria verna ssp. ficariiformis, Ficaria verna ssp. verna, Fig Buttercup.

Status:

This highly invasive Eurasian species can be abundant in riparian/floodplain habitats. It emerges even earlier than most of our native spring ephemeral species, providing a terrible competitive advantage. During the species' dormant period from June to late winter, it leaves the ground barren and susceptible to erosion. Unfortunately it is very difficult to control and typically requires chemical treatment.

There are 162 records in the project database.

View species at Maryland Plant Atlas

Search Google Images

GAALWA FR CL MO HO BA BC HA CE PG AA CVCH SM KEQA CNTA DO WISOWO
Lesser Celandine carpeting a riverine bottomland in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/6/2011). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine in Baltimore Co., Maryland (3/19/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine blooming in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/13/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/18/2017). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/26/2011). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/3/2016). Photo by Jane Hill. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/12/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine in Charles Co., Maryland (4/3/2014). Photo by Kerry Wixted. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/17/2013). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/4/2015). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine already emerging to carpet the forest floor at Patapsco Valley SP in Baltimore Co., Maryland (1/29/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

The first of the scourge of Lesser Celandine emerging in late winter in Montgomery Co., Maryland (2/18/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Lesser Celandine encroaches on spring ephemeral plants such as Virginia Springbeauty in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/20/2019). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.

View Bibliography