Red-bellied Snake Storeria occipitomaculata (Storer, 1839)  Synonyms: Northern Redbelly Snake, Red-bellied Snake.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Reptilia   >   Order Squamata   >   Family Colubridae   >   Genus Storeria   


Red-bellied Snake (Storeria occipitomaculata) is a small species of snake, with most adults under a foot in length. This snake has a widespread, but somewhat localized distribution through Maryland. It occurs mostly in forested or edge habitats, or in wetlands, especially areas with cover objects, like rocks or logs, under which it may find its usual prey of slugs. This attractive snake varies in coloration from grayish, through reddish-brown. In some areas, melanistic individuals may be found, which are often very dark, with blackish ventral scales. This snake is usually located beneath cover, and is typically not seen in the open often (Tennant, 2003). Red-bellied Snake has a patchy distribution, but appears to be most common in western Maryland (Maryland DNR).

There are 44 records in the project database.

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A Red-bellied Snake in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/19/2008). According to Harris (1975): "A spotty statewide distribution. Very common only on the Alleghany Plateau. A brown and a gray phase are known in Maryland. The gray phase predominating populations on the Alleghany Plateau and occasional melanistic individuals are also not uncommon." Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list) (More of this species)

A Red-bellied Snake in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (10/8/2017). Photo by Justin Lee. (MBP list)

A Red-bellied Snake in Frederick Co., Maryland (10/11/2019). Photo by Emilio Concari. (MBP list)

A Red-bellied Snake in Garrett Co., Maryland (6/29/2014). Photo by Boyer and McDowell. (MBP list)

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