Yellow Groove Bamboo Phyllostachys aureosulcata McClureNon-native  -  Invasive    
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Poales   >   Family Poaceae   >   Genus Phyllostachys   

Status:

Yellow Groove Bamboo is native to temperate China but has become a highly invasive species in the United States. This species of bamboo was first introduced to the United States in 1908. Spreads amazingly fast through underground rhizomes. Can thrive in a variety of different habitats but seems to prefer moister soils. In Connecticut it has been proven that swollen streams and rivers can carry detached rhizomes down river. These rhizomes will begin to grow new stations once deposited onto dry ground.

Description:

Three main identification points that separate Yellow Groove bamboo from other bamboo species: Culm = stem 1. During the first year or two of the life of the culm a yellow groove (called a sulcus) is found on every other internode (space above branch attachments). 2. There is a slight roughness to the touch on the internodes of new culms. 3. Occasionally the culms will have a striking zigzag growth involving two or three of the lower nodes and internodes, rarely seen in any other bamboo species (Invasive Species Compendium website, 2018). As the culm matures the yellow grooves begin to fade.

There are 32 records in the project database.

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Yellow Groove Bamboo in Howard Co., Maryland (4/14/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Cecil Co., Maryland (3/6/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Cecil Co., Maryland (3/6/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Cecil Co., Maryland (3/6/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/16/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/16/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Dorchester Co., Maryland (3/23/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Harford Co., Maryland (5/13/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Cecil Co., Maryland (3/6/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/16/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Yellow Groove Bamboo in Montgomery Co., Maryland (1/14/2018). Photo by Jane Hill. (MBP list)


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